Tuesday, 20 January 2015

CASE 445 - The Rothschild myths Debunked

Rothschild myths—Debunked

I Personally gave up researching 3 to 4 years ago, writing and looking into conspiracy theories, facts, the NWO and many other subjects because I felt the truth movement had been watered down, infiltrated and spat out with half truths, people and agents were just generalising, taking whats put on the web as the truth and then promoting these ideas as their own, and its mostly negative and false stuff and it gets to the point where even natural disasters or anything big in the world instantly people blame the illuminati or Rothschilds. When I researched I didn't spend 4 hours on google, FB or youtube hoping to stumble upon some amazing information because I always knew from the start that the elite have controlled the internet and the flow of information on it from day 1,"its all there on a plate waiting for you, half truths", I went to places of interest such as masonic lodges, The city of London, banks, echelon at Menwith hill, met so many people like D. icke, the zeitgeist lot, tpuc, freeman league, protests and so many other diverse places and people, I sent so many freedom of information questions and so many other people have to, but found even if you present truths backed with evidence or at least the maths behind the information you're giving the amount of people reaching this information is little and most don't act upon it or care anyway because the rest of the truth movement isn't trending it so people don't want be the lone wolf and information gets lost. One of the biggest and to me laughable theories concerns the Rothschild family, I know so many people who speak and promote them as almighty world leaders and banking kingpins, they are a powerful force in the banking industry and have interests in other industries too but there are far bigger, wealthy more powerful people and banking dynasties.

Rothschild Myth 1

One of the most infamous myths pertaining to the famous Rothschild banking family of Europe, is a quote allegedly made by founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty; Mayer Amschel Rothschild in 1838. The quote:—”Permit me to issue and control the money of a nation, and I care not who makes its laws!” This notorious quote could not have been made by Mayer Amschel Rothschild on that date, because he died on September 19 1812!!! You will find this alleged Mayer Amschel Rothschild quote, all over the internet with the date 1838. Now you know the truth, you’ll know what a total lie, this piece of anti-semitic pro-zionist propaganda.

Rothschild Myth 2.

Here’s another ridiculous Rothschild myth—The Rothschild family secretly own $500 trillion in gold bullion which is secretly stored in underground vaults. It’s obvious that this is a total exaggeration to any person of average intelligence, and here’s why:— The total value of ALL the gold ever mined in human history, amounts to around US$9.2 trillion!!! 1 quarter of that is in Indian women's control, 1 quarter is used for computer components, jewellery and 1 quarter is in public and private banks, Therefore claiming the Rothschild family have US$500 trillion, is completely ridiculous because that much gold doesn’t even exist or never has!!!, This is a ludicrous accusation that seems to have appeared out of thin air and been accepted as gospel truth by internet truthers and anti-Semites. There's no source of the claim. It appears to be completely made up. It’s also impossible. The entire amount of financial assets held by the population of the earth is a bit less than $200 trillion. As of 2011, the total worth of the derivatives market was about $600 trillion, and there’s nowhere near enough money in the world to pay that off should the need arise.
The richest living member of the Rothschild family, Benjamin de Rothschild, is estimated to be worth about 3 billion dollars. Only two Rothschilds, but not Jacob, appear on the Forbes list of richest people in the world – which, of course, has led to a separate conspiracy about Forbes colluding with the family to keep their true wealth quiet.

Rothschild Myth 3.

Yet another priceless gem, if you’ll pardon the intentional pun—The Rothschild banking family own and control the US Federal Reserve through the Rothschild Bank of Berlin and for that matter its said they own all the central banks apart from 3, its ALL over the web, they don't even own 1 central bank. All over the internet there are websites written by ‘scholars’ and ‘professors’, claiming that the Rothschild Bank of Berlin, is a privately owned bank which the Rothschilds use to profit from and control the US Federal Reserve. Er, there’s only one slight problem with this theory:—The Rothschild Bank of Berlin, does not and has never existed!!! The last German branch of the Rothschild Bank, was in Frankfurt and this branch closed in 1901 some eleven years before the Federal Reserve Act was even passed!!! and these conspiracy theories get passed down the generations like Chinese whispers and the truth is watered down. Please also note the following—Some conspiracists maintain regardless of the above, that the US Federal Reserve is a privately run bank and that all it’s profits are paid to foreigners, i.e. The Rothschild family. This is complete rubbish:—By law, virtually all the of the Federals Reserve’s vast profits, are paid to the US Treasury, which is a private corporation run through the sovereign nation of the District of Columbia, in Washington DC and has been since 1947, so the Rothschilds are certainly not getting any money from the US Federal Reserve! They own 7 banks that they merged into 1 bank the Rothschild group, its possible that they own a majority in Goldman sachs and a few other public banks.

Rothschild myth 4.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 was made to disappear so supposedly Jacob Rothschild the 3rd Richest Rothschild could gain control of a multiply-owned patent. Firstly the other 4 of the 5 patent holder were not even on the plane, secondly if they were killed on the plane the patents would be passed on to family members not Rothchild haha

Friday, 7 March 2014

CASE 444 - September 11th attacks

According to the controlled media, Western governments and leaders,
The September 11th attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda
who after 20 years of planning stole planes and crashed them into the towers causing them to collapse killing 2977 people. 2 planes or even 20 couldn't destroy 200,000 tons of steel and 425,000 cubic yards concrete in such a short amount of time. It was a 20 year plus plan designed and orchestrated by many wealthy people for certain gains and advances. The true masterminds of 9/11 are Georgio Hugo Balestrieri P2 mason and head of the Rotary club in the UN building NY with over 30 years of knowledge in counter terrorism, strategic warfare and many other skills, Jesuit Cardinal Egan and former corrupt Mayor Giuliani orchastrated on behalf of the Jesuits, sovereign military order of malta and the zionist controlled order to eliminate certain people, establishments and to create trillions in future arms contracts, oil extraction, security and war on terror spending, carbon tradings and destroy lots of evidence

One of the favorite theories for bringing the towers down, apart from thermite or demolition charges, is directed energy weapons. Large parts of the towers were turned to dust or vapor along with controlled explosions, thermite and the impact of planes. The evidence all quickly removed by Guilliani and Hugo nue who Recycled and managed the debris from WTC complex in a matter of 7 weeks. Scientist had figured ways of bending very thick steel or vaporizing it to dust with directed energy way back in the 70's, so billion dollar companies such as Raytheon or DARPA have come a very long way since then. After the impact of the planes, molecular dissociation occured where the steel and concrete in certain parts of the building were turned to dust and a few of the floors were rigged with explosive devices and thermite causing the "freefall" of both towers

5 main reasons for the WTC terrorist attacks

1) Trillion dollar Carbon trading wars and Fraud

Many paperless contracts trillions in fraud and laundering moments before, during and after attacks and a major Carbon trading futures war was going on between various companies. Cantor/Fitzgerald had created and patented software which would have generated trillions in Carbon trading futures to only a monopolising few. Many people started asking questions, there were a few emergency meetings that morning and certain important people were killed. Between Aon, Cantor/Fitzgerald and Marsh and Mclennan All run through subsidiaries of Kroll inc 44% of all the people who died worked for these 3 companies, ....

2) Major Real estate and insurance Fraud

Huge majority of the WTC towers were empty, condemed with asbestos, unsafe and they were not making money anymore, other companies were loosing money, it would have cost an estimated $15 billion to safely put up scafolding, dismantle and rebuild the towers, but Larry Silverstein still bought the 99 year lease 2 years before and managed to insure the WTC complex with a down-payment of $165 million and tried to claim $7.7 Billion claiming it was 2 seperate terrorist attacks, but eventually he got payed $4.5 Billion after attacks, $500 for building 7 and then he got the rights to build new freedom tower....

3) Creating a false enermy terrorist

The whole "muslim terrorist attack" was used as a pretext for the US military and the military complex to go to war in parts of the middle east creating trillions in arms contracts, private mercinary contracts, oil contracts and extractions of other resources. Then centralised banks, institutes and western governments were installed handing the wealth and power over to US backed and financed leaders and corporations of the world.

4) Gold and silver heist

The biggest gold, silver, precious metals, currency, insurance and fraudulent money laundering heist in history, its estimated that the Saudi Arabian and kuwait governments and other middle eastern private investors had over $2 billion in gold and silver bullion and a futher $1 billion in gold and silver bullion was stored in bank vaults underneath and around the trade centre

Comex metals trading - 3,800 gold bars weighing 12 tonnes and worth more than $100 million
Comex clients - 800,000 ounces of gold with a value of about $220 million
Comex clients - 102 million ounces of silver, worth $430 million
Bank of Nova Scotia - $200 million of gold

5) Problem reaction solution

Many organisations were set up such as the "homeland security" giving even more power, wealth and resources from the people to the federal governments and corporations of the world

Involved, financed or financially gained from 911 attacks

AIG - Insurer of the WTC complex, also Trillions in fraud and laundering moments before, during and after attacks

Aon - Trillions in in carbon futures before, during and after attacks

Blackstone group - Controlled the mortgage of the WTC site

CIA, NSA and the DOD - intelligence operations before and after attacks

Convar Gm bought by Kroll - Technology data and evidence recovery of the WTC complex and covered up all the fraud

Cantor fitzgerald - Trillions in carbon futures before, during and after attacks

Comex - Security for the Vaults for Gold, silver, currencies and metals of the WTC complex

DARO - Air defence reconnaissance

DARPA - Created the directed energy weapons used in attacks

ECHELON system - Worldwide Intelligence system

FEMA - helped cover up the evidence and remove people from certain areas of the complex before, during and after attacks

Goldman sachs - Major Financier and lender to purchase WTC complex

Hugo nue - Recycled and managed debris from WTC complex

Kroll owned by AIG - Security for WTC complex, risk assessment and major financier

KuwAm - In charge of Technology for 3 airports, hijacked planes flew from

ICTS International - Controlled security for 3 airports, hijacked planes flew from

Marsh and Mclennan - Worlds largest brokerage firm, Trillions in fraud and laundering moments before and during attacks, the main hub for all the fraudulent activity was going on here, the 1st plane killed almost everyone and destroyed the control rooms, evidence, paperless contracts, hard drives, everything...

NORAD - Controls US airspace security, but was hacked on day of attacks

New York Port Authority - Ran the WTC complex

Northrop Grumman - Electronic warfare systems worked with DARPA

Pentagon - Intelligence and controls the US army and airforce

Raytheon - Electronic warfare systems

Silverstein properties - major financier and part owned a 99 year lease on the WTC complex, payed $4.5 Billion after attacks

Silverstream - built many scandelous trading applications for many banks before and around the time of the attacks

Straresec - In charge of Security for hijacked airlines used and security for main parts of the WTC complex

SIMS group - Cleaned all the metal from WTC complex and delivered to Hugo Nue facilities in NJ and upstate NY

Westfield America Inc - Part owned the 99 year lease of the WTC complex retail section and major financier


9/11 molecular dissociation

Dr. Judy Wood ~ Evidence of Breakthrough Energy on 9/11

WTC Tower Structural Design

REBUILD - From The Ashes, The World Trade Center

Unveiling the future World Trade Center

Other websites and information on 911


Friday, 28 February 2014

CASE 443 - Kroll

Kroll Associates, a security consultant firm, which was renamed to Kroll Inc. in August 2001, started in New York City in 1972. In December 1997, Kroll merged with armored car manufacturer O'Gara-Hess & Eisenhardt to form The Kroll-O'Gara Company. O'Gara is responsible for the security of all US-Presidents since 1945. However the background of Kroll is very interesting, too: In 1993, Maurice Greenberg's American International Group (AIG ->), became co-owner of the "private spy agency", Kroll Associates, as a result of rescuing Kroll from bankruptcy with a cash infusion. Kroll was notorious during the 1980s as the "CIA of Wall Street" due to the prevalence of former CIA, FBI, Scotland Yard, British secret service and British Special Air Service men Kroll employed for corporate espionage in takeover bids, as well as for destabilization of foreign nations.

Maurice Greenberg was deeply involved in chinese trade in the 80s, where Henry Kissinger was one of his representatives. In the China trade, Greenberg became very close to Shaul Eisenberg, the leader of the Asian section of the Israeli intelligence service Mossad, and agent for the sales of sophisticated military equipment to the Chinese military. Maurice Raymond Greenberg was born in New York City May 4, 1925, the son of Jacob Greenberg and Ada (Rheingold) Greenberg.

The young man adopted the nickname "Hank" to make people think of a popular American baseball player with the name, Hank Greenberg. Greenberg served in the U.S. Army in the Korea conflict. He joined the insurance firm, Continental Casualty Co., in 1952. Continental executive J. Milburn Smith recommended Greenberg to the C.V. Starr insurance / spy organization, which made Greenberg its vice president in 1960, its president and CEO in 1967, and its chairman, succeeding Starr, in 1969. From 1988 to 1995, Greenberg was a director of the New York Federal Reserve bank ­ this branch of the system is the main instrument through which Federal Reserve chiefs and the Bank of England traditionally execute their U.S. political-economic policy.

Greenberg was deputy chairman of the New York Fed in 1992 and 1993, and New York Fed chairman in 1994 and 1995. During 1996, while Greenberg was deputy chairman of the Council on Foreign Relations (See Cfr), he chaired the CFR task force on intelligence, which published "Making Intelligence Smarter: The future of U.S. Intelligence." This report mostly served to exhibit Greenberg's access to the intelligence community; but he parlayed it into a nomination by Senator Arlen Specter and others, for Greenberg to be Director of the Cia.Greenberg has used his connections to covert intelligence, supranational institutions, private bankers and speculators, and his huge global cash inflow, to shape a unique personal empire. Since 1997, Frank G. Wisner, Jr., has been a board member of Kroll , and is currently Greenberg's Deputy Chairman for External Affairs. Wisner's father was a founder of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, who killed himself over the scandal from his being duped by British-Soviet masterspy Kim Philby. Frank Wisner, Jr., is a director of the George Bush-linked energy giant Enron (a client for whom AIG negotiated payments from Peru over nationalization of Enron operations).

In the early 1990s, Miami-based private investigator Lou Polumbo joined Kroll Associates. According to sources in the industry, Polumbo brought with him a personal history of involvement with the Medallin and other South American narcotics cartels; his business included helping relocate some of the capabilities of these cartels out of Colombia. The deal to bring Polumbo into Kroll was worked out by Avram Shalom, the former head of Israel's Shin Beth secret police. Shalom went to work for Kroll; he had been fired as Shin Beth boss due to a scandalous massacre of Palestinians in the Israel-occupied territories by his Shin Beth agents. Kroll is the world’s leading risk consulting company. For more than 30 years, Kroll has helped companies, government agencies and individuals reduce their exposure to risk and capitalize on business opportunities. Kroll is an operating unit of Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc., the global professional services firm. Kroll’s clients include many of the world’s largest and most prestigious corporations, law firms, academic institutions, non-profit organizations, sovereign governments, government agencies, and high net-worth individuals, entertainers and celebrities. Kroll’s seasoned professionals were handpicked and recruited from leading management consulting companies, top law firms, international auditing companies, multinational corporations, special operations forces, law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Kroll also maintains a network of highly trained specialists in cities throughout the world who can respond to your global needs 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

While Kroll provided the necessary operational capability, in part, for what was perpetrated; AIG and Marsh were focused on participating in both short and long-term money schemes. Kroll’s Jerome Hauer (a long time personal friend of ex-FBI Counterterrorism & Osama bin Laden expert John O’Neill) hired O’Neill as head of security for the WTC.

Kroll had also managed the bunker in WTC 7 for Guiliani, and Kroll’s board of directors shared one peculiar member in common with AIG; that being Frank G. Wisner Jr., son of OSS co-Founder Frank Wisner. I won’t go into the history of the OSS, Reinhard Gehlen, or the Council on Foreign Relations / Dulles affiliation with its creation, but I can recommend an excellent book, wherein its relevance is comprehensively documented; the title you’re looking for is: The Old Boys: The American Elite and the Origins of the CIA by Burton Hersh (and printed in 1992).

Tuesday, 31 December 2013

CASE 442 - 2013 The year that was


January 11 – The French military begins a five-month intervention into the Northern Mali conflict, targeting the militant Islamist Ansar Dine group.
January 16–20 – Thirty-nine international workers and one security guard die in a hostage crisis at a natural gas facility near In Aménas, Algeria.


February 12 – North Korea conducts its third underground nuclear test, prompting widespread condemnation and tightened economic sanctions from the international community.
February 15 – A meteor explodes over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, injuring 1,491 people and damaging over 4,300 buildings. It is the most powerful meteor to strike Earth's atmosphere in over a century. The incident, along with a coincidental flyby of a larger asteroid, prompts international concern regarding the vulnerability of the planet to meteor strikes.
February 21 – American scientists use a 3D printer to create a living lab-grown ear from collagen and animal ear cell cultures. In the future, it is hoped, similar ears could be grown to order as transplants for human patients suffering from ear trauma or amputation.
February 28 – Benedict XVI resigns as pope, becoming the first to do so since Gregory XII in 1415, and the first to do so voluntarily since Celestine V in 1294.[13]


March 13 – Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina is elected the 266th pope, whereupon he takes the name Francis and becomes the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, and the first pope from the Southern Hemisphere.
March 24 – 2012–2013 Central African Republic conflict: Central African Republic President François Bozizé flees to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, after rebel forces capture the nation's capital, Bangui.
March 25 – The European Union agrees to a €10 billion economic bailout for Cyprus. The bailout loan will be equally split between the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, the European Financial Stability Facility, and the International Monetary Fund. The deal precipitates a banking crisis in the island nation.
March 27 – Canada becomes the first country to withdraw from the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.


April 24: Savar building collapse.
April 2 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Arms Trade Treaty to regulate the international trade of conventional weapons.
April 15 – Two Chechen Islamist brothers explode two bombs at the Boston Marathon in Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States, killing 3 and injuring 264 others.
April 24 – An eight-story commercial building collapses in Savar Upazila near the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka, leaving 1,129 dead[27] and 2,500 injured. The accident is the deadliest non-terrorist structural collapse in modern times[31] and the third-worst industrial disaster in history.


May 15 – In a study published in the scientific journal Nature, researchers from Oregon Health & Science University in the United States describe the first creation of human embryonic stem cells by cloning.


June 6 – American Edward Snowden discloses operations engaged in by a U.S. government mass surveillance program to news publications and flees the country, later being granted temporary asylum in Russia.
June 14–30 – Flash floods and landslides in the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh kill more than 5,700 people and trap more than 20,000.


July 1 – Croatia becomes the 28th member of the European Union.
July 3 – Amid mass protests across Egypt, President Mohamed Morsi is deposed in a military coup d'état, leading to widespread violence.


September 21 – al-Shabaab Islamic militants attack the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, killing at least 62 civilians and wounding over 170.


October 10 – Delegates from some 140 countries and territories sign the Minamata Treaty, a UNEP treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds.
October 18 – Saudi Arabia rejects a seat on the United Nations Security Council, making it the first country to reject a seat on the Security Council. Jordan takes the seat on December 6.


November 8: Typhoon Haiyan.
November 5 – Mangalyaan is launched by India from its lauchpad in Sriharikota.
November 8 – Typhoon Haiyan ("Yolanda"), one of the strongest tropical cyclones on record, hits the Philippines and Vietnam, causing devastation with at least 6,241 dead.
November 12 – Three Studies of Lucian Freud, a series of portraits of Lucian Freud by the British painter Francis Bacon, sells for US$142.4 million in a New York City auction, setting a new world record for an auctioned work of art.
November 21 – Euromaidan pro-EU demonstrations begin in Ukraine after President Viktor Yanukovych rejects an economic association agreement between the European Union and Ukraine in favor of closer ties to Russia.
November 24 – Iran agrees to limit their nuclear development program in exchange for sanctions relief.


December 7 – Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization delegates sign the Bali Package agreement aimed at loosening global trade barriers.
December 14 – Chinese spacecraft Chang'e 3, carrying the Yutu rover, becomes the first spacecraft to "soft"-land on the Moon since 1976 and the third ever robotic rover to do so.
December 15 – Fighting between ethnic Dinka and Nuer members of the presidential guard breaks out in the capital city of South Sudan and precipitates the South Sudanese political crisis.
December 29 and December 30 – December 2013 Volgograd bombings Chechen terrorists from the North Caucasus detonate two bombs on the Volgograd transportation system. Together, the explosions kill 34 people and raise concerns over security at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.

Wednesday, 11 September 2013

CASE 441 - The history of Croatia

Croatia is a former Yugoslav republic on the Adriatic Sea. It is about the size of West Virginia. Part of Croatia is a barren, rocky region lying in the Dinaric Alps. The Zagorje region north of the capital, Zagreb, is a land of rolling hills, and the fertile agricultural region of the Pannonian Plain is bordered by the Drava, Danube, and Sava Rivers in the east. Over one-third of Croatia is forested.

Croatia, at one time the Roman province of Pannonia, was settled in the 7th century by the Croats. They converted to Christianity between the 7th and 9th centuries and adopted the Roman alphabet under the suzerainty of Charlemagne. In 925, the Croats defeated Byzantine and Frankish invaders and established their own independent kingdom, which reached its peak during the 11th century. A civil war ensued in 1089, which later led to the country being conquered by the Hungarians in 1091. The signing of the Pacta Conventa by Croatian tribal chiefs and the Hungarian king in 1102 united the two nations politically under the Hungarian monarch, but Croatia retained its autonomy.

Following the defeat of the Hungarians by the Turks at the battle of Mohács in 1526, Croatia (along with Hungary) elected Austrian archduke Ferdinand of Hapsburg as their king. After the establishment of the Austro-Hungarian kingdom in 1867, Croatia became part of Hungary until the collapse of Austria-Hungary in 1918 following its defeat in World War I. On Oct. 29, 1918, Croatia proclaimed its independence and joined in union with Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. The name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929.

When Germany invaded Yugoslavia in 1941, Croatia became a Nazi puppet state. Croatian Fascists, the Ustachi, slaughtered countless Serbs and Jews during the war. After Germany was defeated in 1945, Croatia was made into a republic of the newly reconstituted Communist nation of Yugoslavia; however, Croatian nationalism persisted. After Yugoslavian leader Josip Broz Tito's death in 1980, Croatia's demands for independence increased in intensity.

In 1990, free elections were held, and the Communists were defeated by a nationalist party led by Franjo Tudjman. In June 1991, the Croatian parliament passed a declaration of independence from Yugoslavia. Six months of intensive fighting with the Serbian-dominated Yugoslavian army followed, claiming thousands of lives and wreaking mass destruction.

UN Security Forces Enter Croatia in an Effort to Keep the Peace

A UN cease-fire was arranged on Jan. 2, 1992. The UN Security Council in February approved sending a 14,000-member peacekeeping force to monitor the agreement and protect the minority Serbs in Croatia. In a 1993 referendum, the Serb-occupied portion of Croatia (Krajina) resoundingly voted for integration with Serbs in Bosnia and Serbia proper. Although the Zagreb government and representatives of Krajina signed a cease-fire in March 1994, further negotiations broke down. In a lightning-quick operation, the Croatian army retook western Slavonia in May 1995. Similarly, in August, the central Croatian region of Krajina, held by Serbs, was returned to Zagreb's control.

Announcing on television in 1999 that “national issues are more important than democracy,” President Tudjman continued to alienate Croatians with his authoritarian rule, out-of-touch nationalism, and disastrous handling of the war-shattered economy. In Dec. 1999, Tudjman died. Less than a month later, his Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) Party was defeated by a reformist center-left coalition headed by Ivica Racan. But in Nov. 2003 elections, a right-wing coalition led by the nationalist HDZ once again assumed power. The new prime minister, Ivo Sanader, claims that his party is now far less nationalistic and far more moderate than its earlier incarnation under Tudjman. In 2003, Croatia formally submitted its application to join the EU. First elected in 2000, President Stjepan Mesic was reelected in Jan. 2005. In April 2008, NATO invited Croatia to join the alliance at a summit in Bucharest. Final status is expected in January 2009.

Croatia officially joined NATO in April 2009. In June 2009, the European Union canceled talks about membership with Croatia due to outstanding unresolved issues with the Slovenian border.

Prime Minister Ivo Sanader unexpectedly resigned from politics in July 2009. Parliament approved Jadranka Kosor as the new prime minister the same month. She is the country's first woman prime minister. Ivo Josipovic of the opposition Social Democrats was elected president in January 2010. In parliamentary elections in December 2011, a four-party center-left coalition defeated the conservative Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), taking 81 out of 151 seats. The Social Democratic Party won 61 seats, and its leader Zoran Milanovic became prime minister.

Friday, 30 August 2013

CASE 440 - Northrop Grumman

Northrop Grumman Corporation is an American global aerospace, warfare and defense technology company formed by the 1994 purchase of Grumman by Northrop. The company was the fourth-largest defense contractor in the world as of 2010. Northrop Grumman employs over 68,000 people worldwide. It reported revenues of 25.218 billion in 2012. Northrop Grumman ranks No. 72 on the 2011 Fortune 500 list of America's largest corporations and ranks in the top ten military-friendly employers. It is headquartered in West Falls Church, Virginia.

Originally formed in California in 1939 by Jack Northrop, the Northrop Corporation was reincorporated in Delaware in 1985. In 1994, Northrop Aircraft merged with Grumman Aerospace to create the company Northrop Grumman. Both companies were previously established in the airplane manufacturing industry, and Grumman was famous for building the Apollo Lunar Module. The new company acquired Westinghouse Electronic Systems in 1996, a major manufacturer of radar systems. Logicon, a defense computer contractor, was added in 1997. Previously, Logicon had acquired Geodynamics Corporation in March 1996 and Syscon Corporation in February 1995. A merger between Northrop Grumman and competitor Lockheed Martin was not approved by the U.S. government in 1998, slowing the consolidation of the defense industry. But in 1999, the company acquired Teledyne Ryan, which developed surveillance systems and unmanned aircraft. It also acquired California Microwave, Inc., and Data Procurement Corporation, in the same year. Other entities acquired included Xetron Corporation (1996), Inter-National Research Institute Inc. (1998), Federal Data Corporation (2000), Navia Aviation As (2000), Comptek Research, Inc. (2000), and Sterling Software, Inc. (2000). In 1999, Northrop Grumman and SAIC created AMSEC LLC as a joint venture, which grew "from $100 million in revenue in 2000 to approximately $500 million in fiscal year 2007."

In 2001 the company acquired Litton Industries, a shipbuilder and provider of defense electronics systems to the U.S. Navy. During the acquisition process, a new Delaware holding company, NNG, Inc., was formed. It merged with Northrop Grumman through a one-for-one common shares exchange in April 2001. Both Northrop Grumman and Litton became subsidiaries of the new holding company. The original Northrop Grumman Corporation then changed its name to Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation; the holding company, NNG, Inc., changed its name to Northrop Grumman Corporation.

Later that year, Newport News Shipbuilding was added to the company. And in 2002, Northrop Grumman acquired TRW, which became the Space Technology sector based in Redondo Beach, CA, and the Mission Systems sector based in Reston, VA, with sole interest in their space systems and laser systems manufacturing. The Aeronautical division was sold to Goodrich, and the automotive divisions were spun off and retained the TRW name. On March 19, 1999, Northrop Grumman announced to restate its fourth-quarter results downward to a net loss because of problems related to its dealings with start-up satellite launch company Kistler Aerospace Corp. On November 1, 2001, Northrop Grumman restated its third-quarter profit after stopping work on two ships for American Classic Voyages, which filed for bankruptcy protection.

There have been many other smaller acquisitions throughout this period. On July 20, 2007, Northrop Grumman became the sole owner of Burt Rutan's Scaled Composites. Northrop Grumman and Boeing have also recently collaborated on a design concept for NASA's upcoming Orion spacecraft (previously the Crew Exploration Vehicle), but that contract went to rival Lockheed Martin on August 31, 2006. Northrop Grumman announced formation of a new business unit (sector), effective January 1, 2006 called Technical Services. In 2007 Northrop Grumman created the National Workforce Centers. The National Workforce centers are an alternative to Offshoring. Current locations are Auburn, AL; Corsicana, TX; Fairmont, WV; Helena, MT; Johnstown, PA; and Lebanon, VA. The Rapid City, SD location will be closing in January 2012. Three employees of Northrop Grumman (Thomas Howes, Marc Gonsalves and Keith Stansell) were freed in July 2008 after five years of captivity in Colombia during Operation Jaque. Tom Janis, also a former Northrop employee, was killed by the FARC shortly after their plane crashed in the Colombian jungle in 2003. In January 2008, Northrop Grumman combined its Newport News and Ship Systems sectors into a new business unit named Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding. On March 31, 2011 this was spun off as Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc Northrop Grumman won a training-simulation contract in July 2013 potentially worth $490 million to support the U.S. Air Force's next-generation air-combat virtual-training network

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

CASE 439 - Marsh and Mclennan

Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. is a U.S. multinational professional services, risk management, and insurance brokerage firm with headquarters in New York was World trade centre floors from 93 to 100 control room and main offices and 295 employees there were killed on 911.

In 2012, it had approximately 54,000 employees and recorded an annual revenue of $11.9 billion. In 2013, Marsh & McLennan Companies was ranked the 228th largest corporation in the United States by the 2013 Fortune 500 list, and the 5th largest U.S. company in the diversified financial industry. Marsh & McLennan Companies was also ranked 29th on the 2012 Bloomberg Businessweek 50, the magazine's annual ranking of the S&P 500's top 50 performing companies.

On October 11, 2001, Marsh established a crisis consulting practice specializing in terrorism, with Ambassador L. Paul Bremer as Chairman and Andrew R. Daniels as President and COO. Marsh also announced a partnership with Control Risks Group to provide political risk assessment.

On July 8, 2004, Marsh completed the acquisition of Kroll Inc.[8] Jeffrey W. Greenberg called it an important strategic step. The company had employed terrorism expert John O'Neill, formerly of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

On October 14, 2004, New York State Attorney General Eliot Spitzer announced the initiation of a civil action against Marsh, alleging impropriety in the steering of clients to insurers with whom the company maintained payoff agreements, and for soliciting rigged bids for insurance contracts from the insurers. The Attorney General announced that two AIG executives pleaded guilty to criminal charges in connection with this illegal course of conduct and stated, "There is simply no responsible argument for a system that rigs bids, stifles competition and cheats customers." Former CEO Jeffrey W. Greenberg resigned several weeks later. The suit was ultimately settled out of court.

On January 31, 2005, Marsh & Mclennan agreed on an $850-million settlement for its bid-rigging practices.

In July 2007, Marsh & McLennan Cos. Inc. was ranked first in Business Insurance's world's largest brokers list.

On September 14, 2007, Brian M. Storms, the CEO of Marsh's insurance brokerage unit, resigned. As Michael G. Cherkasky explained his departure, "we now need a different set of leadership and operational skills".

AIG, the world’s largest insurance company, and subsidiaries Marsh McLennan, ACE and Kroll, were run by the Greenberg family. With Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) member Maurice “Hank” Greenberg as the AIG godfather, the Familia’s tentacles curled around the heart of the tragedy. Hank’s son Jeffrey, a CFR member as well, was chairman of Marsh & McLennan, situated on floors throughout the North Tower of the World Trade Center as well as the top floors of the South Tower. Marsh also had ties to the CIA. Son Evan Greenberg, a CFR member, was CEO of ACE Limited, situated in Tower 7, which also contained AIG subsidiary Kroll, closely related to the CIA, also with an office in Tower 7. Tower 7 also contained offices of the FBI, Department of Defense, IRS (which contained prodigious amounts of corporate tax fraud corporate, including Enron’s), US Secret Service, Securities & Exchange Commission (with more stock fraud records), and Citibank’s Salomon Smith Barney, the Mayor’s Office of Emergency Management and many other financial institutions.

Thursday, 27 June 2013

CASE 438 - ITU, The UN's internet governence

The UN's International Telecommunications Union (ITU) has been moving forward with plans to consider a number of proposals to takeover aspects of internet regulation and governance. There are a number of different proposals being submitted by different countries. The problem, of course, is that the setup of the ITU is not open to the public or open source such as many other things set up by the people for the people, and there are some special interests involved mainly by countries with oppressive governments looking to use this as a way to gain control over the internet for the sake of censorship, as well as local (often state-run or state-associated) telcos using the process to see if they can divert money from successful internet companies to their own bank accounts. While the ITU likes to present itself as merely a neutral meeting place for all of these proposals, what's been clear for a while is that the ITU leadership has taken an active role in encouraging, cultivating and supporting some of the more egregious proposals.
ITU also wants to organize worldwide and regional exhibitions and forums, such as ITU TELECOM WORLD, bringing together representatives of government and the telecommunications and ICT industry to exchange ideas, knowledge and technology. The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks. ITU, based in Geneva, Switzerland, is a member of the United Nations Development Group. Its membership includes 193 Member States and around 700 Sector Members and Associates.

Current proposals look to take into account the prevalence of data communications. Proposals under consideration would establish regulatory oversight by the U.N. over security, fraud, traffic accounting as well as traffic flow, management of Internet Domain Names and IP addresses, and other aspects of the Internet that are currently governed either by community-based approaches such as Regional Internet Registries, ICANN, or largely national regulatory frameworks. The move by the ITU and some countries has alarmed many within the United States and within the Internet community. Indeed some European telecommunication services have proposed a so-called "sender pays" model that would require sources of Internet traffic to pay destinations, similar to the way funds are transferred between countries using the telephone. The WCIT-12 activity has been attacked by Google, which has characterized it as a threat to the "...free and open internet." On 22 November 2012, the European Parliament passed a resolution urging member states to prevent ITU WCIT-12 activity that would "negatively impact the internet, its architecture, operations, content and security, business relations, internet governance and the free flow of information online". The resolution asserted that "the ITU is not the appropriate body to assert regulatory authority over the internet".
On 5 December 2012, the lower chamber of the United States Congress passed a resolution opposing U.N. governance of the Internet by a rare unanimous 397–0 vote. The resolution warned that "... proposals have been put forward for consideration at the [WCIT-12] that would fundamentally alter the governance and operation of the Internet [and] would attempt to justify increased government control over the Internet", and stated that the policy of the United States is " to promote a global Internet free from government control and preserve and advance the successful Multistakeholder Model that governs the Internet today." The same resolution had previously been passed unanimously by the upper chamber of the Congress in September.
On 14 December 2012, an amended version of the Regulations was signed by 89 of the 152 countries. Countries that did not sign included the United States, Japan, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, India and the United Kingdom. The Head of the U.S. Delegation, Terry Kramer, said "We cannot support a treaty that is not supportive of the multistakeholder model of Internet governance". The disagreement appeared to be over some language in the revised ITRs referring to ITU roles in addressing unsolicited bulk communications, network security, and a resolution on Internet governance that called for government participation in Internet topics at various ITU forums. Despite the significant number countries not signing, the ITU organisation came out with a press release: "New global telecoms treaty agreed in Dubai

Tuesday, 28 May 2013

CASE 437 - The history of Brunei

The first recorded references to Brunei are in documents regarding China’s trading connections with ‘Puni’ in the 6th century AD during the Tang dynasty. Before the region embraced Islam, Brunei was within the boundaries of the Sumatran Srivijaya empire, then the ­Majapahit empire of Java. It may be hard to believe considering the country’s current diminutive size, but in the 15th and 16th centuries the sultanate held sway throughout Borneo and into the Philippines.

In 1838, British adventurer (and budding imperialist) James Brooke helped the sultan put down a rebellion from warlike inland tribes. As a reward, the sultan granted Brooke power over part of Sarawak, which in hindsight was a big mistake.Appointing himself Raja Brooke, James Brooke pacified the tribespeople, eliminated the much-feared Borneo pirates and forced a series of ‘treaties’ onto the sultan, whittling the country away until finally, in 1890, it was actually divided in half. This situation still exists today – if Bruneians want to get to the Temburong district, they have to go through Sarawak.Facing encroachment by land-grabbing European nations, Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888. But it got its own back when oil was discovered in 1929. The development of offshore oil fields in the 1960s allowed Brunei to flourish. In 1984 Sultan Sir Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th of his line, led his country somewhat reluctantly into independence from Britain. He celebrated in typically grandiose style by building a US$350 million palace.

In 1998 the sultan’s son, Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah, was proclaimed heir to the throne and began preparing for the role as Brunei’s next ruler and 30th sultan. That preparation included the 30-year-old prince’s wedding in September 2004 to 17-year-old Sarah Salleh, in a ceremony attended by thousands of guests. While Brunei may not be facing the same promise of prosperity that existed when the current sultan took the throne in 1967, it’s clear that the sultan sees the crown prince’s careful apprenticeship as crucial for the continuing (and absolute) rule of the monarchy.

There was a whiff of reform in November 2004 when the sultan amended the constitution to allow for the first parliamentary elections in 40 years. However, only one-third of parliamentarians will be publicly elected and the rest will still be hand-picked by the sultan, when and if the election ever happens (Bruneians are still waiting).

In February 2007, Brunei joined Malaysia and Indonesia in signing a pledge to conserve and/or sustainably manage a 220,000-sq-km tract of rainforest in the heart of the island.

Thursday, 25 April 2013

CASE 436 - The history of music - Part 2

The 1800's to the 1900's

For centuries man had dreamed of capturing the sounds and music of his environment. Many had attempted it but no one had succeeded until Thomas Alva Edison discovered a method of recording and playing back sound. What had started out as an apparatus intended as part of an improved telephone led to the development of an instrument which would change the world, making it a happier, even a better, place to live. Here are the facts, in reverse order:

1878 Edison considered the use of compressed amplifiers to overcome the problem of lack of replay volume. The Englishmen, Horace Short and C.A. Parsons (the steam turbine expert) succeeded in perfecting the compressed air amplifiers known as Auxetophones but they were eventually used for other purposes.

1884 Emile Berliner, an American of German origin, recorded The Lords Prayer on an Edison cylinder machine. The original recording is preserved by the BBC in London.

1886 Edison was granted US patent 341 214 for a wax coated recording cylinder. This signified the beginning of the end of the tin foil coated cylinder.

1887 Berliner developed a successful method of modulating the sound-carrying groove laterally in the surface of a disc. (The groove on cylinders was modulated vertically.) He also invented a method of mass producing copies of an original recorded disc.

1888 Jesse Lippincott, a financier, took over the commercial exploitation of the Phonograph and the Graphophone as dictating machines on a lease and service contract. The Graphophone had been developed by Edisons rivals, Chichester Bell (the brother of Alexander Graham Bell) and Charles Tainter at the Volta laboratory and in terms of ease of operation and fidelity of sound reproduction it was a vast improvement on the phonograph. The use of either machine as an entertainment medium was still seen as a novelty.

1889 Coin-in-the slot public access replay facilities, a primitive form of juke box, which could be used in amusement arcades, became immensely popular in the US creating a demand for entertainment recordings, mainly comic monologues.

1890 Edisons Phonograph and the Bell-Tainter Graphophone were in intense competition for the popular market. The Phonograph was beginning to prove the more popular, and the New York Phonograph Company opened the first purpose-built recording studios.

1894 Pathe Freres started the world famous French company making phonographs and cylinders.

1895 By now recorded music as a medium of entertainment had become firmly established with the public. The demand for recordings provided the incentive for research and investment in the infant record business.

1896 Eldridge R. Johnson designed and manufactured a clockwork spring motor which helped establish F. Seamans National Gramophone Company of New York as a serious rival to the Phonograph and the Graphophone Companies.

1900 E.R. Johnson first used the his masters voice trademark

As the 1900's began, the variety of music genre began to grow exponentially it seems. Ragtime, big band, jazz, folk, blues, crooning, scat, country/western, funk, be bop, rock, southern rock, disco, punk, break dance, hip-hop, techno, acid jazz, progressive, alternative, house music and many other types and variables were formed. Rock and country/western spawned southern rock. Progressive and jazz combined to form acid jazz. After disco came break dancing which then followed with hip-hop, techno and house music. So as the instruments and supporting technology changed, the way we expressed ourselves with music also seems to have changed.